New technique could make quantum networking possible — ScienceDaily

Engineers at Caltech have produced an technique for quantum storage could assistance pave the way for the development of huge-scale optical quantum networks.

The new method relies on nuclear spins — the angular momentum of an atom’s nucleus — oscillating collectively as a spin wave. This collective oscillation proficiently chains up numerous atoms to retail outlet info.

The function, which is explained in a paper printed on February 16 in the journal Character, utilizes a quantum little bit (or qubit) designed from an ion of ytterbium (Yb), a rare earth component also made use of in lasers. The team, led by Andrei Faraon (BS ’04), professor of utilized physics and electrical engineering, embedded the ion in a transparent crystal of yttrium orthovanadate (YVO4) and manipulated its quantum states by means of a mix of optical and microwave fields. The workforce then used the Yb qubit to regulate the nuclear spin states of a number of bordering vanadium atoms in the crystal.

“Based mostly on our former do the job, single ytterbium ions had been identified to be fantastic candidates for optical quantum networks, but we needed to url them with more atoms. We exhibit that in this perform,” states Faraon, the co-corresponding author of the Nature paper.

The gadget was fabricated at the Kavli Nanoscience Institute at Caltech, and then analyzed at incredibly reduced temperatures in Faraon’s lab.

A new approach to utilize entangled nuclear spins as a quantum memory was inspired by approaches used in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR).

“To shop quantum facts in nuclear spins, we produced new methods identical to people employed in NMR machines used in hospitals,” states Joonhee Choi, a postdoctoral fellow at Caltech and co-corresponding creator of the paper. “The major obstacle was to adapt present tactics to do the job in the absence of a magnetic area.”

A exclusive attribute of this technique is the pre-decided placement of vanadium atoms about the ytterbium qubit as recommended by the crystal lattice. Each individual qubit the group calculated experienced an identical memory register, meaning it would retail outlet the identical information.

“The capability to make a technological innovation reproducibly and reliably is vital to its results,” claims graduate student Andrei Ruskuc, first creator of the paper. “In the scientific context, this allow us obtain unprecedented perception into microscopic interactions in between ytterbium qubits and the vanadium atoms in their setting.”

This analysis is aspect of a broader work by Faraon’s lab to lay the basis for potential quantum networks.

Quantum networks would connect quantum pcs as a result of a procedure that operates at a quantum, alternatively than classical, level. In concept, quantum personal computers w just one day be able to perform certain capabilities more rapidly than classical pcs by taking edge of the special houses of quantum mechanics, which include superposition, which enables quantum bits to shop information as a 1 and a simultaneously.

As they can with classical computer systems, engineers would like to be able to link a number of quantum personal computers to share information and work collectively — building a “quantum web.” This would open up the door to numerous programs, which include the capacity to fix computations that are as well big to be managed by a solitary quantum laptop, as very well as the establishment of unbreakably protected communications applying quantum cryptography.

The paper is titled “Nuclear spin-wave quantum register for a stable-state qubit.” Co-authors include graduate pupils Chun-Ju Wu and Jake Rochman (MS ’19). This study was funded by the Institute of Quantum Facts and Issue (IQIM), a Nationwide Science Basis Physics Frontiers Center, with guidance from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Business of Naval Study, the Air Pressure Business of Scientific Analysis, Northrop Grumman, Standard Atomics, and the Weston Havens Basis.

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Supplies presented by California Institute of Technology. Unique written by Robert Perkins. Note: Information may well be edited for fashion and size.